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Pinzgauer Cattle

Breed History

The ancestors of the Pinzgauer cattle were introduced to their primary breeding area in the Hohe Tauern mountain range located in today's federal state of Salzburg by the Celts around 800 BC. In the various valleys of Salzburg, Tyrol, Carinthia but also in Bavaria and Styria, different types of Pinzgauer cattle evolved: some spotted, predominantly brown, with some black variants. Most of the forerunners of our domestic animals had a protective color to blend in better with their environment.

As early as 1820, Pinzgauers were exported to the regions that now constitute Romania, Yugoslavia as well as the Czech and Slovak Republics. At the time of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Pinzgauers were the most common breed of cattle.

Pinzgauer cattle were selectively bred throughout the following decades, with special emphasis on the animal's to breed healthy, resilient, robust, fertile, and long-lived cattle that would be fast growing, easy to feed, adaptable, and with great fleshing ability and good milk and work output.

There are still considerable Pinzgauer populations to be found around the world, which, except for the Slovak Republic, Romania and Slovenia, are used exclusively for meat production. The Pinzgauer cattle in the Austrian primary breeding area are currently promoted as a high-output, dual-purpose breed. Its broad-based genetic diversity makes it an ideal variety for both dairy and meat production.

Currently it is known that Pinzgauer cattle can be found in 25 countries around the world including South Africa, Canada, USA, Australia and New Zealand where the first purebreeds were believed to have been established during the 1990’s.  

Pinzgauer cattle thrive even under the harshest environmental conditions. Their sturdy hooves, their ability to travel over long distances and their russet coat, which protects them from UV radiation, are the characteristics that breeders the world over most appreciate in those animals.

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